Ocean Cleanup and Trash Removal

Over decades of mass extraction, global consumerism and irresponsible waste disposal, ocean trash has become a major problem on a planetary scale. There’s so much plastic and garbage floating in Earth’s seas today that it’s now accumulated into patches that are thousands of miles across.[1]
Ocean Trash
Each major ocean has a large garbage patch. The picture above outlines the “great pacific garbage patch,” one of five worldwide.[2]
  • Global Ocean Gyres:

    Global ocean gyres

  • Pacific Ocean Gyre:

    Pacific ocean gyre

  • Ocean Cleanup Project Sieve:

    Ocean cleanup project sieve

Worse, trash from these piles is continually decomposing into smaller pieces – and these smaller pieces are being consumed by marine life. This poisons the creatures it doesn't kill, which eventually makes its way into humans when we eat seafood. Currently, some 3.2 billion people rely on seafood for almost 20 percent of their animal protein intake.[3]

Science and society are well aware of this problem and have invented promising tools to help combat the growing threat of ocean trash. The Ocean Cleanup Project, for instance, recently launched a gigantic sieve consisting of floating pipes and netting that corrals trash into a U-shape for future processing.[4] In concept, several of these sieves would float with ocean currents to slowly accumulate ocean trash over time, with the hope of eventually improving marine environments.

But that step of “accumulation” presents another important question. Once the trash is corralled, what do we do with it? And how does cleaning up ocean trash in one place prevent it from being reintroduced to marine environments elsewhere? This project's answer to this question is called a proposed ocean-cleaning system called a "Trident Facility."

Trident Facility Overview:

Conceptual overview of Universal Energy's Trident Facility

A Trident Facility is built like an offshore oil rig – a large, nigh-indestructible floating facility that can navigate any ocean in the world. Yet instead of drilling for oil, it both synthetically produces resources and disposes of ocean trash cleanly and safely.

Taking a page from the Cogeneration Plant’s playbook, Trident Facilities deploy several technologies in a cogenerative capacity to use excess energy to produce supplemental resources and cleanly dispose of ocean trash. Here’s how they work:

  1. The primary power source of a Trident Facility is a small LFTR, which provides the core power for ocean trash gasification and the residual energy needed to power auxiliary systems.
  2. A cooperating series of Trident Facilities would scour the oceans and suck in trash from one of their four floating legs or a central lift. Ideally, these would work in conjunction with floating trash collectors like those from the Ocean Cleanup Project. From there, trash would be processed via a plasma gasifier to become syngas or the slag that can be turned into useful materials.
  3. The excess energy generated from the LFTR and the plasma gasifier would be further used to extract fresh water and hydrogen fuel from seawater, just as with energy plants. This could be used to resupply large ships on- demand, enabling Trident Facilities to serve as de-facto ports or emergency safe havens.
  4. Beyond trash gasification, hydrogen production, and seawater desalination, any excess energy produced by Trident Facilities would be used to power atmospheric scrubbers to reduce air pollution and greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere.

Trident facilities earn their namesake because they perform three unique roles: ocean cleanup, resource production and atmospheric scrubbing: three points of Poseidon’s trident. They enable us to work to eradicate ocean trash, while using the byproducts to make useful materials. This helps us come ever closer to the material revolution Universal Energy seeks to make the new normal.

Click the button below to see how Universal Energy can help clean our oceans and build a clean energy future: